EU citizens and their family members

EU citizens and their family members

May 8, 2019, 10:22 PM

Who are EU citizens and what are their obligations?


EU citizens are citizens of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Citizens of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland have the same rights as EU citizens.

Since 1st May 2004 EU citizens do not need any visa or permit to travel, work and live in the Czech Republic. All you need to enter and stay in the country is your passport or ID card. After your arrival, the only thing you must do is to report your presence in the country at your local Foreign Police within 30 days. You are also obliged to report a change of surname, marital status, and other personal information.

If you plan to stay in the Czech Republic for more than 3 months, you are eligible to apply for a "Certificate of Temporary Residence for an EU citizen". It is not compulsory but will help you in case you would like to:
 
  • register your car to obtain a Czech registration number
  • apply for a loan or mortgage in the Czech Republic
  • sign a contract with mobile operators or internet providers
Although EU citizens have free hands to be employed immediately, their employers must report them to the Labor Office no later than by the day when the person starts working.
 

Who are family members of EU citizens and what are their obligations?


In this section, we will focus on non-EU family members of citizens of any country mentioned above. By the „family member“, we mean:
  • spouse,
  • parent of an EU citizen under 21 with whom they share a household,
  • child under the age of 21 of an EU citizen or EU citizen’s spouse,
  • dependent relative in an ascending or descending line of an EU citizen or EU citizen’s spouse

A family member of an EU citizen can also be a foreign national who can prove that:
  • they lived in a common household with an EU citizen in their citizenship or residence country,
  • they are supported by an EU citizen,
  • they need personal care provided by an EU citizen due to their health condition,
  • they are in a permanent relationship with an EU citizen and they share a household.

Non-EU family members of EU citizens can stay in the Czech Republic for up to 3 months without a visa if they hold a valid passport and a valid document on a temporary or permanent residence permit issued by a different EU country, Iceland, Norway, Liechtenstein or Switzerland.

Family members of EU citizens are eligible to obtain a temporary residence permit in the Czech Republic. The application must be submitted within 3 months of entering the country at any MOI office in the Czech Republic. From the moment of their application, family members of EU citizens are also eligible to be employed. Again, employers must report them to the Labor Office no later than by the day when the person starts working.

Do you need any support with obtaining a temporary residence permit? Feel free to contact us!